Emergency numbers

Nigeria local number – 112 (toll-free)

Call if:

  1. The patient’s condition is life threatening (e.g continuous bleeding, difficulty with breathing, etc)
  2. The patient’s condition could become life threatening on the way to the hospital
  3. Moving the person could cause further injury (e.g. neck injury, motor vehicle accident, etc)
  4. Traffic conditions or distance might cause a delay in getting the patient to an hospital.


Emergency Numbers In Nigeria

  1. Police Emergency Phone Numbers = 01-4931260, 01-4978899
  2. Rapid Response Squad (RRS) = 070-55350249, 070-35068242, 080-79279349
  3. Rape Helpline = 080072732255
  4. Inspector General of Police (IGP) = 0805966666 (SMS only)
  5. Nigerian Army Human Rights (If you’re harassed by Army officials) = call 08160134303 or 08161507644
  6. Depression/Suicide prevention initiative = 08062106493, 08092106493, 09080217555, 09034400009, 08111909909, 07013811143
  7. State Security Service (SSS) = 08132222105–9
  8. Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) = 122 or 07002255372
  9. Child Domestic Violence = 08107572829, 08131643208.
  10. Violation of Girls and Women helpline = 0800072732255.

What are emergencies?

Emergencies are……….., including mental,

Medical emergencies are

Types of emergencies


Common medical emergencies

  1. Road traffic accident
  2. Head or spine injury
  3. Seizure
  4. Stroke
  5. Burns injury
  6. Bleeding (that does not stop)
  7. Breathing problems (difficulty breathing, shortness of breath)
  8. Chest pain
  9. Coughing up or vomiting blood
  10. Severe or persistent vomiting
  11. Change in mental status (unusual behavior, confusion, difficulty arousing)
  12. Choking
  13. Fainting or loss of consciousness
  14. Sudden dizziness, weakness, or change in vision
  15. Feeling of committing suicide
  16. Feeling of committing murder
  17. Sudden and severe body pain
  18. Testicular pain
  19. Swallowing a poisonous substance

What to do in an emergency

  1. Ensure the scene is safe before you approach
  2. Try to determine what happened. Look at the situation as a whole, how many people are involved? What are their problems?
  3. Call for help! Refer to the related emergency numbers above, if you do not which to call, call 112.
  4. Call for help from passersby.
  5. Approach the patient(s), stay calm, don’t fidget.
  6. Do not move patients who you suspect might have injuries to the spine, including neck injury.
  7. Be ready to start Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for patients who are unresponsive.
  8. Get patient to the nearest emergency facility (General emergencies, Adult emergencies, Children emergencies)
  9. Assess nearby Ambulance services.
  10. If you do not know what to do, place the patient on their left side.

What to do at an emergency facility

  1. As the security agents how to assess emergency service
  2. Emergencies are attended to based on triage, division of emergencies based on the severity and life threatening nature / risk to life.
  3. Ensure to adhere to given instructions
  4. Do not be abusive or resort to violence if it seems your patient is not being given the needed attention.
  5. Be ready to make payments for the services, healthcare or emergency care is not free!


For assistance in a mental health emergency, contact the mental health triage service – telephone 13 14 65, available 24 hours, seven days a week.

Not an emergency?

For minor illness or injury that is not an emergency, there are other treatment options that can be considered, such as visiting a General Practitioner (GP) or pharmacy.

Going to the right place for your condition may mean being seen quicker and getting home sooner, ensuring emergency doctors and nurses are available for those who need them.

Many GPs and pharmacies are open after hours and on weekends.

Safety measures

  1. Keep a first aid kit handy at home
  2. A basic-first aid kit should include Antibiotic ointment, Bandages, Cold packs, Hydrogen peroxide, Latex gloves, Rehydrating fluids, Safety pins, Scissors, Soap, Thermometer, etc
  3. Learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)


  1. American College of Emergency Physicians, First Aid Manual,
  2. The American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook
  3. MayoClinic.com. http://www.mayoclinic.com/findinformation/firstaidandselfcare/index.cfm
  4. American College of Emergency Physicians Fact Sheet, www.acep.org
  5. American College of Emergency Physicians. First Aid Kit
  6. American Red Cross. www.redcross.org
  7. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Emergency Planning and Disaster Supplies.